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Pay as you throw / Variable rates for trash collection: 2014 Update Region 9 Grant Report

Author: SERA, Skumatz Economic Research Associates, INC.

Pay As You Throw (PAYT) programs (also known as volume-based, or variable rate programs) charge residents for collection of their solid waste in relation to the volume of trash they set out for collection. This kind of “fee-for-service” option provides strong and effective incentives for reducing trash and increasing recycling
and related “diversion” behaviors that are not present in the traditional “unlimited collection for a fixed fee” trash collection model. PAYT programs are in place in all but one state, and the variety of programs in place across the US show they are flexible and easily tailored to a community’s situation. The activities funded under this grant (2009-2014) were intended to facilitate growth of PAYT programs in
EPA’s Region 9 states. This report contains data, best practices and implementation strategies for PAYT programs.

Click here to view the document: Skumatz Region 9 Grant Report Vol1-v25 Final

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